Mombasa County lies on the shores of the Indian Ocean along Kenya’s coastline. It is located on the South Eastern part of the Kenya Coast. It borders the Indian Ocean to the East and South East, Kilifi County to the North and Kwale to the West and South West.
Mombasa Island is connected to the Mainland in the South by Likoni Ferry, to the North by Nyali Bridge and to the West by MakupaCourseway. It is one of the smallest counties, with an area of 218.9KM2 and a population of 938,370. It serves as the capital city of the county with the largest sea port, the Kilindini harbor. It has an international airport and serves as a major tourist attraction for both local and international tourists.
Location: Located in Coastal Kenya, it borders Kilifi County to the North, Kwale County to the South and the Indian Ocean to the East.
Area (Km 2): 219 Km 2
Constituencies: Changamwe, jomvu, kisauni, Nyali, Likoni, Mvita
Population Density: 4,292 people per Km 2
The Port of Mombasa is the largest in East Africa and a vital gateway for imports to Kenya and its neighboring countries. The imports that pass through the port of Mombasa are critical to Kenya’s economic growth, and to the economic well-being of its neighbors. Liquid bulk items, mostly petroleum, oil and lubricants, are the single greatest import item by weight. Without these imports, Kenya’s economy (and most other countries of the EAC), which depends on imports for all of its petroleum needs, would grind to a halt. The next four largest items by weight, maize clinker, wheat, iron and steel, are critical in meeting the country’s food needs and in supporting its vibrant construction industry. Despite the overall importance the volume handled in Mombasa, it is low by international standards. In 2008, Mombasa handled 616,000 twenty Foot Equivalent Units (TEU, which is the standard measurement of port activity). This represents double the volume of Dar es Salaam, but less than a quarter of Durban and only 2-2.5 per-cent of the volumes which go through the busiest ports in the world, Singapore and Hong Kong. Tourism: Mombasa is the centre of coastal tourism in Kenya. Mombasa Island itself is not a main attraction, although many people visit the Old Town and Fort Jesus. The Nyali, Kenyatta, Bamburi, and Shanzu beaches are located north of the city. The Shelly, Tiwi, and Diani beaches are located south of Mombasa.
- Industries: Mombasa is an industrial hub with companies such as Bamburicement ,Pwani oil, Kapa oil refineries ltd, wood carving, textile, Food processing, packaging and export.
- Fishing: these includes Deep Sea Fishing: for Marlin or fly-fishing for Sailfish, shark, swordfish, wahoo and tuda.
- Entertainment: Mombasa’s northern shore is re-known for its vibrant 24 hour entertainment that include both family entertainment (water parks, cinemas, bowling, sports (watersports, mountain biking and go-karting), restaurant and night life.
- Agriculture: sisal, sugarcane, cashewnuts, livestock keeping
- Mining: of chrome ore, cement, salt, sandSource: Data from KNBS census 2009.
- Fiber- optic: There are major intercontinental under sea telecom cables reach the shore in Mombasa, connecting East Africa to the rest of the world and supporting a fast growing call centre in the area.
- Inadequate road infrastructure making movement of vehicles in the City paralysed by the heavy traffic coming from the Port
- Lack of investments in railways with no extension of rail since colonial date
- Concession of Kenya/Uganda railways ineffective
- To Supporting the improvement of business and investment climate
- To promote competitive and innovative industrial sector
- To promote development of co-operatives
- To promote confidence in measurements for trade
- To promote utilization of renewable energy
- To promote private sector development through enterprise and entrepreneurship development.
- Create an enabling and attractive environment for investments and industrial growth.
- To develop a county policy on energy provision and promote utilization of renewable energy
- To promote confidence in measurements for trade , ensure fair trading practices and consumer protection.
- To promote development of co-operatives to enhance savings for investment
Functions of the Department.
- Trade promotion
- Industrial development and manufacturing
- Renewable energy generation
- Energy regulatory and reticulation
- Cooperative societies
- County market development and management
- Electricity and gas reticulation
- Administration of trade licensing and levies
- Single Business Permits
- Weights and measures, standard